Defra – making the most of packaging

July 22, 2009


Snowfall Before 2009 - Photo by Steve Keys

 Snowfall before 2009   –  photo Steve Keys

Defra has published  a new strategy for managing waste packaging: New Packaging Strategy, Making the most of packaging,

Defra writes that the new publication ‘ outlines packaging policy’s direction for the next decade. The Strategy’s overall aim is to minimise the environmental impact of packaging, without compromising its ability to protect the product and also sets out plans to improve the recycling of packaging waste.’

‘In 2008 the UK disposed of an estimated 10.7 million tonnes of packaging waste, of which around 65 % (Source NPWD) was recovered.  This is a significant achievement when compared to the fact that only 27% of packaging waste was recovered in 1998 (Source publication: e-Digest of Environmental Statistics, March 2006). However, more still needs to be done and Defra will continue working to:

  • minimise the amount of packaging used and so the amount of packaging waste, and
  • ensure that a high proportion of packaging materials are recovered and recycled

The management of packaging and packaging waste is enforced by EC directive 2004/12/EC which seeks to reduce the impact of packaging and packaging waste on the environment by introducing recovery and recycling targets for packaging waste and by encouraging minimisation and reuse.

Loughborough University subscribes to several  online journals which cover packaging and the environemt,  such as  Packaging Magazine,    Paperboard Packaging,   Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management and Waste News etc,  which can be accessed via MetaLib.  [Athens username and password required for off campus access.]. 

The University Library also has a comprehensive collection of books on packaging design, graphic design and  aesthetics of packaging, innovation, sustainability,  structure  and environmental issues.

If you would like to learn more about UK packaging and waste mangement, please see the links below.

 Packaging & Packaging Waste – recycling and recovery targets

EU directive 2004/12/EC


The Advisory Committee on Packaging (ACP)

Department of Design and Technology, Loughborough University



Degree Shows – Foundation & BA (Hons)

June 10, 2009


Art at Loughborough

Loughborough University School of Art & Design is holding its 2009 Foundation & Degree Shows

This year’s Loughborough University Art and Design degree show promises to be one of the biggest ever, with the work of around 500 final year students on display.

Beautiful illustrations, stunning sculptures and exquisite jewellery will be among the hundreds of pieces exhibited from 13 to 18 June.

The annual show covers a whole host of artistic genres, including furniture, painting, film, graphic design, animation and textiles.

Final Exhibitions 2009

BA (Hons) Fine Art
BA (Hons) 3D Design (Ceramics)
BA (Hons) 3D Design (Furniture)
BA (Hons) 3D Design (Silversmithing & Jewellery)
BA (Hons) Textile Design (Multi-Media Textiles)
BA (Hons) Textile Design (Printed Textiles)
BA (Hons) Textile Design (Woven Textiles)
BA (Hons) Visual Communication (Graphic Communication)
BA (Hons)Visual Communication (Illustration)
Diploma in Foundation Studies in Art & Design

Venue: School of Art & Design, Epinal Way, Loughborough, Leics  LE11 3TU

Friday 12 June 2009, 6.00pm – 9.00pm: Private View
Saturday 13 June 2009, 10am – 4.00pm
Sunday 14 June 2009, 10am – 4.00pm
Monday 15 June 2009, 10am – 5.00pm
Tuesday 16 June 2009, 10am – 5.00pm
Wednesday 17 June 2009, 10am – 5.00pm
Thursday 18 June 2009, 10am – 5.00pm

LUSAD Textiles Degree Show 2009

‘Chameleon ’09’ Textile Graduate Show at the The Boiler House,
The Truman Brewery, Brick Lane, London E1 6QL

Thursday 25 June, 6pm – 10pm: Private View
10am – 6pm Friday 26 June until Monday 29 June

Loughborough University Press Release

Big Bunny at the Design Museum

June 5, 2009



Fashion designer Paul Smith has brought to the the Design Museum’s new exhibition Super Contemporary a new rubbish bin, designed for London, in the shape of a giant five foot rabbit with flashing ears.

The new green rabbit bins will be trialled in Holland Park and Covent Garden for four months.  The bin rabbit’s ears light up when rubbish is placed in the bins.

The Design Museum’s exhibition, which runs from 3 June – 4 October 2009‘is the spirit of London design, past, present and future. The exhibition celebrates and examines the creative magnetism of London and its enduring reputation as the heart of contemporary design. The Design Museum has joined forces with Beefeater 24 to showcase 15 new commissions from London’s most dynamic creative’s, and as a group they demonstrate the diverse approaches to design in London’.

 Interview with Paul Smith

Loughborough student nominated for design industry award

June 3, 2009



Loughborough University Illustration student Simon Yewdall has been nominated for one of the design and advertising industries’ most prestigious prizes – the D&AD Student Awards.

The awards showcase the best emerging creative talent from hundreds of colleges and universities around the globe and attract thousands of entries each year.

Only around a hundred of those have been nominated for an award this year.

The winners, who each receive a coveted Yellow Pencil Award, will be announced on 2 July at a ceremony in London.

Simon (24), who originates from Uppingham, Rutland, submitted a series of five images in the Photography category of the awards.  His pictures were taken for the charity Photovoice, which encourages photography as a means of expression for those people who are often little heard in today’s society.

This year’s awards ceremony will be held at the Roundhouse, Camden, on Thursday 11 June 2009.

For more information, please see the links below.

Loughborough University Press Release

Loughborough University School of Art & Design

Diamonds in the landscape

May 8, 2009


 Great Gable

 Photograph: Great Gable View by Alan Cleaver

British national parks celebrate 60 years of protecting the British landscape, providing public access to the countryside, protecting areas of outstanding natural beauty and biodiversity, and helping local economies.  Earlier this year the go-ahead was given for a new national park in the South Downs to be established in 2010.

The new national park will join the 15 other areas of Britain designated as national parks such as  The Cairngorms,  Snowdonia  and Brtiain’s first national park created in the Peak District in 1951.

In 1947 the Hobhouse Committee on National Parks of England and Wales built on the work of the Addison Committee of 1931 and ‘conceived of the National Park …suited to British conditions, as a large, beautiful, and relatively wild area in which “for the nation’s benefit” and by appropriate “national decision and action” the landscape is preserved, access and facilties for open-air enjoyment are provided, wild life and fine or historic places and buildings are protected, and established agriculture is maintained and developed’   The Times, Saturday, July 19, 1947;pg. 5; Issue 50817; col B.

Threats to the national parks such as quarrying,  new roads, vandalism, military activity, building developers, removal of stone from limestone pavements, overgrazing of upland commons, congestion, erosion, etc means that Government has to be constantly reviewing  possible improvements in policy, funding and practice of all the agencies involved in maintaining Britain’s national parks and areas of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs).

It is estimated that over 110 million people visit  British national parks each year,  generating millions of pounds to local economies, illustrating the national importance of parks and recreation the the economy as a whole.    For more information on the role of tourism in the British economy Loughborough University Library subscribes to a number of e-journals such as National Parks ,  Parks & Recreation,  Park Science.   Authentication: Athens username and password required for off campus access.  

If you would like to find out more about Britain’s national parks, please see the links below….

Publications from the Association of National Parks Authorities

History of the National Parks

Command Papers (HM Government), available from The Stationery Office (TSO) (was HMSO until 1997):
‘Report of the National Parks Committee (England and Wales) (Hobhouse Report), Cmnd. 7121, 1947 ;  shelved at serial 328/COM on Level 2 of the Loughborough University Library

English national parks

Countryside Act 1968 

Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 

Habitats Regulations 1994 

Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 

Hedgerows Regulations 1997 

The Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2008

CPRE – Campaign to Protect Rural England

Bramley Apple Bicentenary

March 26, 2009



Load Of Apples © Getty Images.

Bramley Apple 1809 – 2009


Despite its unknown pedigree when it was grown from a pip in Southwell, Nottinghamshire, the Bramley apple was recognised early on as one of the best quality cooking apples.   In 1913 The Times described the apple,  in a winter fruit article, as the  ‘Bramley’s Seedling, the prince of cooking apples, with its splendid green colour and fine size’.

The Nottinghamshire Bramley Seedling owns its name not to its originator and planter Mary Ann Brailsford, but to Matthew Bramley, who bought her cottage and the garden in which the apple tree grew, in 1846, and who insisted that his name be added to the cuttings which were taken by nurseryman Henry Merryweather.   Nottinghamshire is also home to a number of other old apple varities such as  Bess Pool, which dates back to the 18th century,  and Winter Quarrendon dating to the end of the 19th century.

The Bramley apple’s name is short and memorable, however its classification is somewhat longer.  B.E. Jumiper ‘s The Story of the Apple   describes the apple’s full name as  ‘family Rosaceae, subfamily Spiraeoideae, tribe Pyreae, genus Malus, section Malus, species M. pumila Miller……, cultivar ‘Bramley’s Seedling.’ 

UK apples have an entertaining assortment of names such as the Broxwood Foxwhelp, Cornish Gilliflower, Rambour Papeleu and Slack-ma-Girdle. Leicestershire also has its own local variety of apples such as the Wyggeston Pippin, Peasgood Nonsuch, Annie Elizabeth, Foxton’s Favourite and Barnack Beauty.  

Loughborough  University subscribes to a number of horticultural journals such as Postharvest Biology and Technology , Horticulture Week,   Scientia horticulturaeJournal of agricultural and food chemistry, and many more available via MetaLib.


If you would like to find our more about the history of the Bramley apple,  please see the links below.

History of the Bramley Apple

School Fruit and Vegetable Scheme

Apple Facts

Mintel Reports –    Fruit and Vegetables Report – January 2009

National Fruit Collection

Apple varieties and descriptions 

The Orchard Path

Great tits can reduce caterpillar damage in apple orchards

Fruit & Vegetable Quality  By Robert L. Shewfelt, Bernhard Brückner

Mr Bramley’s Apple

The National Trust growing spaces

February 19, 2009


The National Trust has launched a project which will create 1000 allotments for gardeners, on 40 existing National Trust properties.   The National Trust has carried out serveral allotement case-studies, one of which is a Hughenden Manor in Buckinghamshire, where the walled garden has been restored as a full working kitchen garden.

Batty Langley [1696-1751 ], architect and garden designer, observed in his book New Principles of Gardening, published in 1728, that ‘The End and Design of a good Garden is to be both Profitable and Delightful…’  .  A little after Langley’s time, in the 1760s  small parcels of land were available for rent  at a farthing per square meter [average agricultural wages ranged from from 6d to 1 shilling a day, and a farthing worth a quater of a penny]. Urban and rural areas alike relied heavily in the ancient common rights to access and make use of ‘common land’ , dating back to the Statute of Merton in 1235, which helped supplement meagre wages and home grown produce.   However the general Enclosure Acts of 1836, 1840 and 1845 robbed the people of access to the common land on which they grazed their stock, collect fuel etc.   A writer in the North Star and Leeds General Advertiser in November 1839 observed that …

Session after session has poured upon the country “Common field enclosure bills”  – ” Waste enclosure bills” … they only wish to destroy the poor man’s waste..[used for grazing and gathering wood and fuel] .Scarcely any evidence was heard upon the subject; hardly any compensation offered; the most reckless and unthinking depredations were committed….It has been asserted that this Bill will confer a benefit on the poor, whose lands are to be enclosed.  Now, on the contrary, it will add to the property of the rich without protecting the rights  of the poor…

Taken from: The Northern Star and Leeds General Advertiser (Leeds, England), Saturday, November 9, 1839; Issue 104

Years later, in 1887, the Allotments and Cottage Gardens Compensation for Crops Act, and later the Small Holdings and Allotments Act 1908 were passed,..

 ‘outlining that If the council of any borough, urban district, or parish are of opinion that there is a demand for allotments . . . in the borough, urban district, or parish, . the council shall provide a sufficient number of allotments, and shall let such allotments to persons . .  resident in the borough, district, or parish, and desiring to take the same..’

The twentieth century world wars and economic depressions resulted in periodic food shortages, promting both national and public interest to grow their own food.  Since then the interest in ‘grow your own’ has increased, reflected in televison programmes on gardening such as BBC comedy series of the 1970s The Good Life , and the BBC’s Gardener’s World.  There is now approximately 297,000 allotment plots in England and their popularity has risen greatly.

Loughborough University Library subscribes to a number of online agriculture, horticulture and garden history journals such as Garden History  Agriculture, ecosystems & environment,  Agriculture and Human Values,  Floriculture CropsHorticulture Week and  Scientia HorticulturaeGarden History Newsletter, all available via MetaLib and accessible off campus using Athens username and password or by logging in to the Remote Working Portal


If you would like to learn more about the recent development of allotments in the UK, please visit the web sites below.

National Society of Allotment and Leisure Gardeners Ltd (NSALG)

Landshare website

Batty Langley’s New Principles of Gardening

Poetry, Enclosure, and the Vernacular Landscape, 1700-1830  By Rachel Crawford

Allotments and Cottage Gardens Compensation for Crops Act 1887

Small Holdings and Allotments Act 1908

Allotments Act 1950

Trends in Provision and Types of Allotment Site 1943 – 1996

Allotments 4 All

BBC Leicester Radio’s own allotment