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Bramley Apple 1809 – 2009
Despite its unknown pedigree when it was grown from a pip in Southwell, Nottinghamshire, the Bramley apple was recognised early on as one of the best quality cooking apples. In 1913 The Times described the apple, in a winter fruit article, as the ‘Bramley’s Seedling, the prince of cooking apples, with its splendid green colour and fine size’.
The Nottinghamshire Bramley Seedling owns its name not to its originator and planter Mary Ann Brailsford, but to Matthew Bramley, who bought her cottage and the garden in which the apple tree grew, in 1846, and who insisted that his name be added to the cuttings which were taken by nurseryman Henry Merryweather. Nottinghamshire is also home to a number of other old apple varities such as Bess Pool, which dates back to the 18th century, and Winter Quarrendon dating to the end of the 19th century.
The Bramley apple’s name is short and memorable, however its classification is somewhat longer. B.E. Jumiper ‘s The Story of the Apple describes the apple’s full name as ‘family Rosaceae, subfamily Spiraeoideae, tribe Pyreae, genus Malus, section Malus, species M. pumila Miller……, cultivar ‘Bramley’s Seedling.’
UK apples have an entertaining assortment of names such as the Broxwood Foxwhelp, Cornish Gilliflower, Rambour Papeleu and Slack-ma-Girdle. Leicestershire also has its own local variety of apples such as the Wyggeston Pippin, Peasgood Nonsuch, Annie Elizabeth, Foxton’s Favourite and Barnack Beauty.
Loughborough University subscribes to a number of horticultural journals such as Postharvest Biology and Technology , Horticulture Week, Scientia horticulturae, Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, and many more available via MetaLib.
If you would like to find our more about the history of the Bramley apple, please see the links below.
Mintel Reports – Fruit and Vegetables Report – January 2009